Heavy Oils and Petroleum Coke Raising Vanadium Emissions

18th Dec 2017

Heavy Oils and Petroleum Coke Raising Vanadium Emissions

December 18, 2017 09:06 AM - Duke University

Human emissions of the potentially harmful trace metal vanadium into Earth’s atmosphere have spiked sharply since the start of the 21st century due in large part to industry’s growing use of heavy oils, tar sands, bitumen and petroleum coke for energy, a new Duke University study finds.

 

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